Ultrasound Med Biol. 2002 Apr;28(4):495-506. An in vitro system for Doppler ultrasound flow studies in the stenosed carotid artery bifurcation.

Poepping TL1, Nikolov HN, Rankin RN, Lee M, Holdsworth DW.

J Biomech Eng. 2003 Apr;125(2):218-22.
Accuracy and reproducibility of CFD predicted wall shear stress using 3D ultrasound images.
Augst AD1, Barratt DC, Hughes AD, Glor FP, McG Thom SA, Xu XY.

Ultrasound Med Biol. 2004 Aug;30(8):1067-78.
A thin-walled carotid vessel phantom for Doppler ultrasound flow studies.
Poepping TL1, Nikolov HN, Thorne ML, Holdsworth DW.

IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2004 May;23(5):567-83.
Reconstruction and quantification of the carotid artery bifurcation from 3-D ultrasound images.
Barratt DC1, Ariff BB, Humphries KN, Thom SA, Hughes AD.

IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2005 Apr;24(4):451-6.
Operator dependence of 3-D ultrasound-based computational fluid dynamics for the carotid bifurcation.
Glor FP1, Ariff B, Hughes AD, Verdonck PR, Thom SA, Barratt DC, Xu XY.

2007 Canadian Acoustics. 35(2):25-34, 2007.
Recent Flow Analysis Studies in Vascular Models Using Doppler Ultrasound.
Poepping TL, Thorne ML, Wong E, Rankin RN, Holdsworth DW.

Ultrasound Med Biol. 2009 Jan;35(1):120-8.

In vitro Doppler ultrasound investigation of turbulence intensity in pulsatile flow with simulated cardiac variability.

Thorne ML1, Poepping TL, Nikolov HN, Rankin RN, Steinman DA, Holdsworth DW.

Ultrasound Med Biol. 2010 Jul;36(7):1125-34.
Flow patterns in carotid bifurcation models using pulsed Doppler ultrasound: effect of concentric vs. eccentric stenosis on turbulence and recirculation.
Poepping TL, Rankin RN, Holdsworth DW.

Eur Radiol. 2013 Jun;23(6):1720-8.
Evaluation of distal turbulence intensity for the detection of both plaque ulceration and stenosis grade in the carotid bifurcation using clinical Doppler ultrasound.
Wong EY, Nikolov HN, Rankin RN, Holdsworth DW, Poepping TL.